Map of Washington State Vineyards

Map courtesy of the Washington Wine Commission

  • Washington's largest AVA-established in 1984.
  • Red Mountain, Yakima Valley, Walla Walla, Horse Heaven Hills and Wahluke Slope are all within its borders.
  • More than 16,000 vineyard acres and 100 wineries.
  • Primary wine grape varieties-Chardonnay, Riesling, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Syrah.
  • Washington State's first appellation includes more that 40 wineries.
  • 10,000 vineyard acres (4,047 hectares), over one third of Washington's vineyards.
  • Most widely planted grape is Chardonnay, followed by Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon.
  • Riesling and Syrah represent significant acreage, with Syrah in particular on the rise.
  • Silt-loam soils predominate.
  • 190 day growing season with annual precipitation of approximately 8 inches (20 cm).
  • 4,040 acres (1,635 hectares) situated between Benton City and Richland.
  • Over 710 vineyard acres (287 hectares) currently planted.
  • Best known for producing red varietals, Red Mountain is widely planted to Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Syrah and Sangiovese.
  • Good air, drainage and light soils encourage the vines to seek nutrients via deep roots.
  • Irrigated vineyards allow growers to control vine vigor and ease vines into dormancy before winter.
  • Growing season averages 180 days with rainfall from 6 to 8 inches (15-20 cm) annually.
  • Red Mountain is located within the larger Yakima Valley, at its easternmost tip.
  • Naturally bounded on the north by the Yakima Valley appellation and on the south by the Columbia River.
  • Located in Southwest Washington — total area is 570,000 acres (230,679 hectares) of which about 6,040 acres are planted to grapes.
  • Primary grape varieties — Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, and Syrah.
  • Proximity to the Columbia River and a distinctive topography benefit the area by moderating temperature extremes, providing steep, south-facing slopes for optimum vineyard locations, and providing quick-draining silty loam soils.
  • Elevations range from 1,800 feet at the area's northern boundary to 200 feet at its southern one.
  • The outstanding sites that have been developed in this area are Canoe Ridge, Alder Ridge, and Zephyr Ridge.
  • Growers have raised grapes in the Horse Heaven Hills region since 1972.
  • There are at least 20 vineyards and 4 commercial wineries within the region.


Washington State is a premium wine-producing region located in the northwest corner of the United States. Although a relatively young wine industry, it is now the nation's second largest wine producer and is ranked among the world's top wine regions. The state has ideal geography and conditions for growing premium vinifera wine grapes. Primarily grown on their own rootstocks, the vines produce grapes of consistent quality, resulting in strong vintages year after year. While its focus is on Chardonnay, Riesling, Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon and Syrah, the region also produces a wide range of other spectacular whites and reds.

Featured Vineyard

Elephant Mountain Vineyard

A singular site, rocky vine loving soils, and inspired vineyard management yield grapes capable of producing distinctive wines of unsurpassed quality.

Elephant Mountain Vineyard covers 120 acres at a unique south facing site high on the Rattlesnake Ridge in the Yakima Valley. Dry land shrub steppes surround its south facing slopes at elevations up to 1500 feet. READ MORE...


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